A Comprehensive Guide about Pursuing B.Tech in India

Albert Einstein has said, “We owe a lot to the Indians who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made”. Indeed, India as a country has always focused on quality education, be it medical sciences, engineering, art and culture, design, or any other field. Engineering is an option that is the most sought-after career by students as it can pave the way for a bright future. Since India has been developing by leaps and bounds both industrially and technically, the need for more and more skilled professionals is also increasing.

Engineering is a popular career choice of Indian students as it offers lucrative career opportunities. But to ensure a good career in the field of engineering, it is imperative to opt for the right branch of engineering and also a good course and college. Though many new specializations have appeared in engineering, it is significant to find the best engineering courses and the most reputed colleges and institutions offering these courses. The students should opt for an engineering course like B.Tech, B.Tech Mechanical Engineering, or B.Tech CSE depending on their aptitude and area of interest.

Selecting the right engineering stream is the first and foremost step of the engineering admission process. If you are planning to join one of the best engineering courses in India, then you will have to first clear the engineering entrance exam called JEE Main. So let’s understand what is B.Tech, its eligibility, and best colleges offering various courses.

What is a B.Tech Course?

B. Tech or Bachelor of Technology is an undergraduate-level course or program that can be pursued by Science stream students after they complete their class 12. This four-year program is offered by various engineering colleges across India which include many top colleges like the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and National Institute of Technology (NIT). Many engineering colleges also use the term Bachelor of Engineering or B.E for their professional engineering undergraduate course. However, in India, the syllabus and teaching methodology is almost similar for both the programs.

The Eligibility Criteria for B.Tech

The eligibility to get admission to a B.Tech program is passing the Class 12 or 10+2 board exam from the Science stream. The students who had opted for the PCM or the Physics Chemistry and Mathematics group as compulsory subjects are mostly preferred for this program.

However, there is a lateral entry scheme also which offers a B.Tech program to students who already hold a Diploma degree in engineering fields. Thus, the students who have joined any such Diploma programs after passing Class 10 or Class 12 in any technical trades can also seek admission to B.Tech programs that are offered by reputed engineering colleges in India.

Best Engineering Courses Offered in India

Here are some of the best engineering courses offered in India. But you should first decide the engineering stream and colleges that you are targeting. So, if you are applying to appear for the JEE Main exam or some other entrance exam, then you must consider the following branches of engineering and note these best colleges:

  1. Computer Science and Engineering (CSE): This domain teaches software engineering or computer science engineering. If you opt for this field, you will learn programming languages, various software, program design, project management, coding, etc. The scope includes various national as well as international organizations offering lucrative job opportunities to CSE graduates.

Popular Companies who could hire Computer Science Engineers:

  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • Facebook
  • Amazon
  • Oracle
  • Cisco
  • Wipro

Best Indian Colleges Offering CSE Courses:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Mumbai
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Hyderabad
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani
  1. Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE):

The ECE branch of engineering is suitable for candidates who are interested in electrical circuits, digital gadgets, signs and signal systems, power electronics, etc. There is plenty of scope in the telecommunication, electrical industries, and mobile development sectors.

Popular Companies who could hire Electronics and Communication Engineers:

  • Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
  • Texas Instruments
  • Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL)
  • Intel
  • Samsung
  • Toshiba
  • Philips Semiconductors
  • Sony

Top Colleges Offering ECE Courses:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras
  • Delhi Technological University (DTU)
  • PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh
  1. Mechanical Engineering

B. Tech Mechanical Engineering is the oldest branch of engineering and is one of the most sought-after and popular choices of specialization in engineering. Students interested in machinery, product design, manufacturing, automobile, etc go for this line of engineering. There is a wide range of jobs available in this domain, and in fact, one of the highest-paid too.

Popular Companies for B. Tech Mechanical Engineers:

  • DRDO
  • ABB
  • TATA Motors
  • Reliance Industries
  • Indian Railway
  • Ashoka Leyland
  • Mahindra & Mahindra
  • Reliance Power Ltd.

Top Colleges Offering B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Course:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
  • Indian School of Mines (ISM), Dhanbad
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS)
  1. Electrical Engineering

B. Tech Electricals is another field of engineering that has a huge range of scope in the construction domain such as dams and bridges or electrical component manufacturing units that are making various appliances.

Popular Companies for B. Tech Electrical Engineers:

  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
  • Centre for Electronics Design and Technology
  • Crompton Greaves Limited (CGL)
  • Bajaj International Private Ltd.
  • Siemens Ltd.
  • Reliance Power Ltd

Top Colleges Offering B.Tech Electrical Engineering Course:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
  • Delhi Technological University (DTU)
  • IIT BHU, Varanasi
  1. Civil Engineering

This branch of engineering deals with the construction of infrastructure, along with designing, planning, and maintenance of various structures that are vital to sustaining modern life. Civil engineering graduates can get a job with companies building highways, tunnels, bridges, urban spaces such as office complexes, parks, pathways, residential buildings, etc.

Popular Companies for B.Tech Civil Engineers:

  • Larsen & Toubro Ltd.
  • PWD
  • Indian Railways
  • Engineers India Ltd.
  • DRDO
  • DLF

Top Colleges Offering B.Tech Civil Engineering Course:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
  • IIT BHU, Varanasi
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS)
  1. Chemical Engineering

This branch deals with the engineering study and application of chemical reactions for unraveling various everyday problems that usually remain undetected. Chemical engineers can get a job in many vital industries like the fertilizer industry, food manufacturing and processing industry, petroleum and oil industry, etc.

Popular Companies for Chemical Engineers:

  • ONGC
  • Reliance Industries Ltd.
  • Gujarat Gas Company Limited
  • Essar Oil Limited
  • Indo Gulf Fertilizers Ltd.

Top Colleges Offering B. Tech Chemical Engineering Course:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Guwahati
  • IIT BHU, Varanasi
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras


Joyce is Managing Editor overseeing the coverage of Senonches.
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